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  • New Animateur: Prof. Wenge Qiu (China)
  • New Vice Animateur: Gary Kramer (Canada)

The Group held one meeting in Vancouver. 13 members from 10 countries participated (Argentina, Canada, China, France, Greece, Italy, Japan, Switzerland, Thailand and USA).

Agenda: Re-initiation of WG 9, discussion of seismic impacts to tunnels, establishment of WG9.

Objectives, Discussion on future tasks.

Primary objectives: recognizing that properly designed and constructed tunnels and underground space perform very well during seismic events; the objective of WG9 is to advocate their use as a safe alternative to other forms of infrastructure in highly seismic regions of the world.